SOME BASIC FIRST AID
BROKEN LIMBS - If you cant move a limb, it must be broken (or if you can move a limb, it cant be broken).
The only accurate way to diagnose a broken limb is x-ray . If you
suspect a broken bone try to support the injury with a cushion or items
of clothing to prevent unnecessary movement You can immobilize the injured area. Don't try to realign the
bone or push a bone that's sticking out back in. Apply a
splint, a board splint preferably or newspapers, a magazine to the area above and below the fracture sites. Padding the
splints can help reduce discomfort. An arm can be supported in a
sling, triangular type bandage. ideally the injured person should be seen at hospital as soon as possible, in some cases
bones may need to be reset or need pins inserted, etc.The limb needs to be supported for 6 weeks.
WOUNDS- Apply pressure on the wound with whatever is available to stop
or slow down the flow of blood. If it cannot be stopped or successfully
dressed and particularly if the wound is deep you must get medical
NOSEBLEEDS- advise the patient to tilt their head forwards
and ask the person to pinch the end of their nose, holding it for a few
minutes until bleeding stops and breathe through their mouth. BURNS : The only thing you should put on a burn is cold
water. Put the affected area under cold water. if possible running water
for at least
Sponge with cold water to bring fever down When someone is fevered sponging them down with cold water and giving them sips of cold water when tolerated assist to bring the temperature down,
First and foremost seek medical help if possible. Some Herbal and Home Remedies for Treatment of Malaria
- Lime and lemon play a vital role in the treatment of quartan
type of malarial fever. About three grams of lime and a juice of 1
lemon should be dissolved in about 60 ml of water. This mixture can be
taken before you suspect the attack to take place.
- The herb chirayata, botanically known as Swertia chirata,
is also beneficial in the treatment of intermittent type of malarial
fevers. It helps in lowering the temperature. An infusion of the herb,
prepared by immersing 15 gm of chirayata in 250 ml of hot water with
aromatics like cloves and cinnamon, should be given in doses of 15 to 30
- Alum is also useful in malaria - First take a small amount of alum
and then roast it over a hot plate. Now powder it. Half a teaspoon of
this powder 0should be taken about four hours before the expected attack
and half a teaspoon every two hours after it. This may help you in
- The leaves of holy basil are also considered beneficial in the
prevention of malaria. The juice of about eleven grams of leaves of
holy basil mixed with three grams of powder of black pepper can be taken
beneficially in the cold stage of the malarial fever. This will check
the severity of the disease.
Home Remedies for Cholera
Cholera is a water-borne disease, which
is highly infectious. Loss of electrolytes and fluid, in the form of
vomiting and diarrhea are common. It is an intestinal problem, which
affects the small intestine. It is more common in the monsoon period,
due to poor sanitation and hygiene. Virus transmission through flies in
the house is common.
Cholera SymptomsSome of the common symptoms of cholera are nausea, dry
skin, diarrhea, convulsions, cramps, extreme drowsiness, weak voice,
loose stools, cold and clammy skin, poor urination, wrinkled skin on the
fingers, feeling of thirst, high body temperature, low blood pressure,
weak pulse and restlessness.
The various contributing factors for cholera are unhygienic raw
fruits and veggies, contaminated feces, grains such as millet and rice,
vegetables irrigated with sewage water, foods and beverages bought from
street vendor, improperly cooked fish, contaminated water and ice cubes
made from this contaminated water.
Home Remedies for Cholera
Prevention is better than cure. Maintenance of good hygiene and a healthy lifestyle helps to prevent the same. Various home remedies to treat cholera are:
- Cholera Treatment with Buttermilk (Thin Yoghurt): Roast some cumin seeds and rock salt. Add them to a glass of buttermilk and drink.
- Cholera Treatment with Onions: Make a paste of 30 grams of onion with 10 black peppers. Take this twice a day.
- Cholera Treatment with Fruit juice: A glass of orange or lemon juice is highly effective, on a daily basis.
- Cholera Treatment with Basil leaves: A decoction of basil leaves is useful in the treatment of cholera. Strain and cool them, prior to drinking.
- Cholera Treatment with Cloves: Put four grams of cloves to a liter of water. Boil, till the water reduces to half. Drink this once every few hours.